• What are Warts?

    Warts are small clusters of abnormal skin cell growth surrounded by dead cells. Several types of warts exist but each is caused by a specific strain of the human papilloma virus (HPV). There are roughly over 100 different strains of HPV, from the kind that causes genital warts (primarily types 6 and 11) to those that cause common warts (types 1, 2 and 3). All HPV strains (and thus warts) spread mainly through person-to-person contact, although it is possible to spread via floors, towels and other shared objects. While warts are not very contagious, the delicate skin of infants or adult skin damaged by razor nicks, dry weather or scrapes is susceptible to transmission.

  • Types of Warts

    There are two main types of warts that will normally appear on the face. The first is the Flat Wart and the second the Filiform Wart. Both are very different in appearance so identifying which type of facial warts you have should be relatively easy.

    Flat Warts on The Face
    – Flat warts are given this name because they appear on the face as flat or only slightly raised areas of tissue growth. They are small in appearance but normally come in groups that can cover large areas of the face as it would be unusual to have just one flat wart. Flat warts can vary in colour from natural skin tone to yellow and brown tinges. These types of warts are not at all harmful to your health. The Flat Wart is very common in children and teenagers and for this reason is often referred to as the juvenile wart.

    Filiform Warts
    – Filiform Warts are unusual in their appearance in that they grow out of the skin and have small like tentacles. They are often found on the lips or eyelids but can form anywhere on the face. These warts are very contagious and grow quickly which is why a person is more likely to have a group of them rather than just one. Due to the way filiform warts grow they can easily be knocked which may lead to bleeding of the wart or irritation.

  • Causes of Warts on the Face

    As with all warts the human pap virus is responsible for their growth and depending on which strain of the virus you have caught will depend on which type of wart you can develop. The most likely cause of warts on face is contamination through small cuts or abrasion to the facial skin. The virus can be picked up on the hands and transferred to any broken or grazed skin on the body. Children tend to be more susceptible to warts as they are in close contact with other children in school.

    Facial warts are very contagious and they are easily spread through touching the wart inadvertently, then touching other parts of the face. Shaving of the face is a classic way that these warts can spread. If you have facial warts and touch them you need to wash your hands so as not to spread the virus. Also do not let others use the same towel or items you use to clean your face.

    Face warts will go away on their own accord and looking after the body is a good step in treating them from the inside. Warts are renowned for being linked to a low immune system which is why some people catch them and others don’t. Boost your immune system if you have warts with plenty of fresh vegetables and fruit to help your natural defences fit the virus.

  • Facial Wart Treatment

    The best way to treat any type of wart is to leave it alone and let the body’s natural defensives take over and remove the HPV virus that has infected the body and caused the warts. However as this process can take years, people who are conscious of facial warts look for quicker removal methods. Because you are going to be treating the facial skin you need to be careful about what type of treatment you decide upon as the face tissue is very delicate and easily scarred.

    Facial Warts are among the most difficult to treat purely because of the fact that they are on the face. Rubbing creams into them can cause the warts to spread to other parts on the face. Facial skin is thin and delicate so needs to be treated with care. Some products that contain strong ingredients may also irritate or scar the skin on the face but may be perfectly ok on other parts of the body that has thicker skin.

    For stubborn warts, medical intervention may be required. Doctors use chemical peels to get rid of facial warts. The chemical frequently used is trichloroacetic acid. Doctors also use electrical current to remove warts. In electrocautery, the wart is burned off. Another option is laser surgery that uses a beam of light. The cryosurgery performed in a doctor’s office uses a stronger version of the liquid nitrogen found in at-home kits. For these medical treatments, you need to find a cosmetic surgeon or a dermatologist.

  • The Sclerotherapy Procedure

    Sclerotherapy entails the injection of a solution introduced directly into the targeted veins. In preparation for treatment, the patient stands while the relevant veins are marked. Using a micro-needle, the sclerosing solution is injected into the vein and causes the vein to harden and fade over time. One injection will treat about an inch of surface skin and a single procedure may involve numerous injections, depending on the size of the area being treated.

    As there is little to no pain experienced by patients, anesthesia is rarely required. Generally, treatment time is 30 minutes to an hour. Two or more sclerotherapy treatments are usually required to achieve optimal results.

  • Risk

    The most significant advantage of microdermabrasion is its lack of complications. In early years of use, reports allude to redness of the eyes, photophobia, and epiphora after examination by an ophthalmologist. The examination discovered conjunctival congestion, crystals adherent to the cornea, and superficial punctate keratopathy. By means of eye protection, ocular complications are virtually eliminated, but corneal abrasion from stray crystals continues to be a theoretic risk.

    Scarring has not been recognized from microdermabrasion, although scarring is theoretically probable when producing any injury to the skin. Then again, microdermabrasion hardly expands through the epidermis, so the depth of injury is very superficial. To say such explains both its advantage and its limitation. Superficial injury denotes prompt healing and recovery with little risk; yet, only superficial skin conditions, such as fine lines, quality of the skin and shallow scars can be addressed.
    Bruising and/or swelling– usually at the injection site, this will disappear within a couple of weeks Brown lines or spots – these may appear on the skin at the injection site and occurs when blood escapes from the treated vessel into the skin tissue.

    This discolouration is caused by the iron in the blood and will disappear in time. In a small number of people (less than 5%) the brown lines may last up to a year or more. It is not recommended to take iron supplements while having sclerotherapy treatment.

  • Recovery

    Following sclerotherapy treatment, compression bandages are often applied to increase pressure and swelling of the veins. Bandages can generally be removed within a day or two, although support hose may be required for up to two weeks. Swelling and bruising are typical postoperative conditions. Moderate exercise is recommended in order to increase blood circulation. If sclerotherapy was done on the leg, elevation of the leg may also be recommended.


    How sclerotherapy works?
    – The solution, which is injected into the veins, is called a sclerosant. It causes the vein to close by irritating the blood vessel so that it swells and sticks together. This process causes the vein to fade over the next week or two so they can no longer be seen.

    Is sclerotherapy painful?
    – The needle is very fine and the pinprick is barely noticeable. The sclerosant is a bit stingy but doesn’t last for long.

    Things to remember

    – Sclerotherapy is the injection of a substance into the spider veins
    – Most people receive a significant improvement in the appearance of spider veins.
    – You will need 1 or 2 treatments approximately 1 month apart and then an annual maintenance treatment.
    – Side effects can include bruising, swelling or brown lines or spots